Top 15 automation testing tools to choose from in 2023
Before we move on to the actual list of the most popular and versatile tools for testing automation, we would like to note that it’s downright impossible to pick an automation tool based on popularity or advice alone. If you are a person involved in the decision making process when it comes to automation testing tools, it’s essential to pick the right tool for the project instead of going for the “best” or most popular one.
It’s always a good idea to have someone on your team with both hands-on experience with automation tools and the skills and knowledge needed to identify the most suitable toolset. You can expect an even more consistent outcome after evaluating the tools in a real-life environment with the help of real-life test cases. Still, knowing where the market currently stands often helps you choose the right direction for the project. These are the fifteen most popular and handy test automation tools, frameworks, and libraries for 2023.
Appium is one of the leading market solutions for automating mobile application testing. It’s an open-source tool that can be used to automate the testing of mobile web applications, hybrid apps, and native applications for the iOS, Android, and Windows operating systems. Appium supports an endless range of programming languages and technologies and can be easily integrated into even the most complex AQA systems.
2. Selenium WebDriver
Selenium WebDriver is an open-source tool for automating browser operations. This tool can be indispensable for testing websites and web applications across different browsers, environments, and programming language requirements. Selenium WebDriver allows teams to create versatile and scalable test scripts for the comprehensive testing of web products.
Playwright is one of the leading end-to-end testing tools used for QA automation. It is developed and maintained by Microsoft and supports testing web applications in multiple cross-browser, cross-platform, and cross-language environments. Playwright is an open source tool that allows for an easy learning curve thanks to a robust knowledge base and community.
5. Ranorex Studio
Ranorex Studio is a popular tool for automating GUI and functional testing. It supports desktop, web, and mobile applications and includes other handy features, such as test design. Another important advantage of Ranorex Studio is its wide integration capabilities, allowing teams to build comprehensive test suites. It’s available on a perpetual license basis with a free trial option.
Katalon is a comprehensive quality management platform that can be used for a variety of automation testing-related purposes. Katalon heavily relies on AI technology to streamline the process of testing and achieve maximum efficiency. It’s a low-code tool with versatile integration and setup capabilities that is available on a monthly subscription basis with an option of a free trial.
Developed and supported by SmartBear, TestComplete is the go-to automation testing tool for those who mainly deal with UI testing. TestComplete allows teams to easily set up and manage script or scriptless testing projects. It comes with an AI-powered object recognition feature and can successfully test web, desktop, and mobile solutions. There is a free trial version available, while paid versions are available in various bundles.
LambdaTest is a cloud-based solution both for automated and exploratory testing. With the help of the cloud infrastructure, LambdaTest makes it possible to test a software solution across 3,000+ combinations of operating systems, browsers, and device configurations. This tool is available as a limited free version or a full version with a monthly subscription.
Cucumber\Specflow are primarily a Behavior Driven Development tools that is also widely used for testing automation. It supports nearly every modern development stack and is developed and distributed by SmartBear. Cucumber is available both as an open-source solution and as an advanced tool called Cucumber Pro with a monthly subscription option.
ReadyAPI is one of the most popular solutions for the automated testing of APIs. This is an open-source tool that supports REST, SOAP, and GraphQL API technologies. It’s developed and maintained by SmartBear, and there is an advanced version of the tool called ReadyAPI (formerly known as SoapUI Pro) that is available on a yearly subscription basis.
12. HP UFT
HP Unified Functional Testing is helpful cross-platform automation testing tool. Using just one solution, teams can automate web, mobile, and desktop applications created with the help of Delphi, .NET, ActiveX, Java, Oracle, PeopleSoft, PowerBuilder, Stingray, and Visual Basic, among other technologies. HP UFT is available on a subscription basis.
13. IBM Rational Functional Tester
Rational Functional Tester is an automation testing tool developed and maintained by IBM. This is a commercial tool that supports a wide range of development environments, including Siebel, .NET, SAP, Java, PowerBuilder, Flex, and Dojo among others. Rational Functional Tester is available on a paid basis with an option for a free trial.
14. Telerik Test Studio
15. Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca is a comprehensive automation tool for web, API, mobile, and desktop testing. It has a unique model-based testing approach, allowing users to scan an application’s UI or APIs to create a business-familiar model for test creation and maintenance. Tricentis Tosca is available on a perpetual license basis.
How to know if your automation tool works
With so many popular and versatile automation tools out there, making the right choice is not always easy, especially for teams without a lot of hands-on experience with automation. At the same time, it’s worth noting that it’s vital to choose the right tool from the get-go, as any major changes to the process once the project is already launched will result in losing valuable time and money spent on working with the wrong tool.
The set of metrics for measuring the efficiency of the selected tool or set of tools will always depend on the project itself and the goals set by the team in the first place. For example, when the main goal was to automate as much of the current project as possible, it makes sense to evaluate the overall number of cases automated in a given time period. Whereas for teams focused on optimizing the resources within the project, the key metric would be Equivalent Manual Test Effort — the number of working hours saved by the introduction of testing automation.
The exact set of metrics for measuring the effectiveness of the automation tool should be designed and implemented by an AQA Lead or a person with a similarly rich experience in automation. However, when the results prove to be disappointing, the tool is not always the culprit.