What Is Gap Analysis in Software Testing?

Illia M. by Illia M. on 05/9/2022

What Is Gap Analysis in Software Testing?

A gap analysis is a way of evaluating a business unit’s performance to evaluate whether or not business needs or objectives are being met, and if not, what measures should be done to satisfy them.

A requirements analysis needs assessment, or need-gap analysis are all terms that can be used to describe a gap analysis.

The distance between “where we are” as a component of the company (the current state) and “where we want to go” is referred to as the “gap” in the gap analysis process (the target state or desired state).

To put it plainly, gap analysis is a wonderful tool for improving performance levels. It operates in the following way: it assists companies in determining where they want to be (in terms of objectives), as well as studying the gap between where they are now and where they want to be, and determining what measures may be made to close that gap. It’s a highly versatile tool that may be applied at many levels and granularities. It may be utilized in project management, strategy formulation, and other areas at the organizational level, for example.

When it comes to testing, when you design software, you are likely to be overconfident in your ability to test the complete system. The testers take the code specs and combine them with preplanned exploratory testing to ensure that every ounce of the codebase is tested. Despite this, the system as a whole is not steady or static. Companies frequently employ either long-term consistent releases or Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment. And the one thing that each of these circumstances has in common is a constantly evolving codebase. Not all of the test cases are up to date, and they aren’t updated at the same time.

What is a test gap analysis example?

What is the first action you should take to increase the performance of your testing team? Identify and correct any problems. Then you’ll most likely break down the issues into manageable chunks. Disassembling parts of issues may appear straightforward on the surface, but when you come down to it, it may be daunting. What would you do if you were in that situation? QA gap analysis to the rescue! First, it directs teams to the appropriate actions. Second, it aids them in completing the testing life cycle more quickly!

Let’s assume you’re not having any issues with the system. Does this imply that your performance has no room for improvement? Certainly not. Whatever you do, you must strive for constant progress. Gap analysis focuses on many variables in order to improve performance. Productivity, performance level, and staff competency are among the criteria.

Why is gap analysis important?

Researchers from Munich Technical University conducted a study in 2013 to investigate the link between fresh, untested code and future software vulnerabilities. They worked with Munich Re (a prominent insurance business) to monitor two versions of its long-running IT system. They determined which code was new throughout the release process, as well as which code had been tested and which had been published untested. 

After that, they kept a close eye on the system for a while, tracing any reported issues back to their source. They uncovered two important facts. To begin with, nearly a third of all code was being distributed without being thoroughly tested. Second, they observed that between 70 and 80 percent of the defects were in the untested code when they traced the flaws.

What is the meaning of gap analysis?

In a nutshell, gap analysis involves getting a realistic snapshot of where something is right now and comparing it to where it should be, whether it’s software applications, departmental objectives, or even hiring. The difference, or gap, in the center, aids in understanding what must occur in order to get from one point to the next. 

The distance between “where we are” as a component of the company (the current state) and “where we want to go” is referred to as the “gap” in the gap analysis process (the target state or desired state).

How does gap analysis work?

Test gap analysis is referred to as the method of discovering these gaps when new code has been deployed but not yet tested. This demands a mix of static code analysis and dynamic analysis of all current tests. You can quickly tell where any gaps are by comparing these two studies. These are new code sections that have been thoroughly evaluated. This is usually accomplished by charting the code in the form of a tree diagram, in which the code is separated into functional blocks, component classes, and then real methods and functions. The relative size of the block at each level in the hierarchy reflects the quantity of code. It’s simple to discover regions where test coverage is missing by overlaying the tree displaying code changes with the tree showing the current level of testing.

How to conduct a gap analysis?

When you conduct a gap analysis, you’re essentially asking yourself three questions: where are we now, where do we want to be, and how will we get there? As a result, it’s more than just an image; it’s also a road plan for improving manufacturing.

When doing a gap analysis, there are five main procedures to follow. They can be summed up in the following way.

Locate problem-prone areas and objectives 

Assume you’ve created an output target. However, for some reason, your team is unable to reach the deadline. So, what do you do if you are in this situation? The key is to figure out what’s causing you to fall short of your goals. A lack of specifications or frequent modification requests might be the culprits. Once you’ve figured out what’s causing the problem, you’ll need to figure out how to get rid of the stumbling blocks.

Let’s suppose 

Determine the system’s expected state 

that everything goes according to plan. So, where do you see your company in the future? In other words, how do you envision the firm’s future state? As a result, create an ideal future state for the system. Establish new QA concepts, such as reusing test cases or managing test data. In the long term, this move will benefit your team.

Perform an in-depth analysis of the current situation 

Concentrate on the specific reasons why you weren’t able to achieve your goal. Was there a gap in your team’s automation training, for example? Did you run into any issues with test data or the most up-to-date automation tools? The answers to these questions will assist you in closing present gaps as well as preventing future gaps.

Compare and contrast the current and ideal states 

You must determine how much the teams have fallen behind the original objective. Assume your team intended to test eight modules in a single day. However, they were only able to test six modules. After comparing the two states, calculate the difference and take appropriate action.

Make a strategy to close the gaps 

It’s time to start repairing the damage. So go to work and devise a strategy for resolving any inefficiencies. For instance, if there are any challenges with requirement collection, talk to the business analyst about them and figure out how to address them. When making a strategy in this situation, be sure to include your complete team.


The majority of the time, organizations concentrate on future dangers that might prove to be damaging. But sometimes, we need to concentrate on the current situation and take immediate action. You can’t be careless when acting in the best interests of your firm. Gap analysis allows teams to focus on the here and now. In other words, it assists you in assessing the existing situation. After that, you may link the existing status with the company’s objectives.

The conclusion is that gap analysis is critical to simplifying a company’s procedures. And we’re well aware of what it entails. There are fewer human mistakes and a higher total production! Robust procedures also speed up and improve the efficiency of certain jobs. The return on investment rises as a result. For a business owner, it’s like finding the golden goose. So, what do you have to lose? Make QA gap analysis a requirement of your testing process to eliminate testing flaws.

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Written by
Illia M., Writer in QArea

Ilya is an experienced analyst and a passionate writer. Driven by his longing for new information, he provides exceptional takes on the newest technologies presented in the Information Technologies sphere, he also enjoys history, music and bodybuilding.

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