Nowadays most of the testers will attribute their professional experience to the analytical (Analytic) and standard (Standard) test in the classification of schools by Bret Pettichord. These schools stand on strict control of test coverage and compliance with all prescribed procedures when performing tests.
The testing process, in this case, includes the following actions:
- Analysis of the functional requirements
- Formation of questions and comments (or test requirements) on the functional requirements
- The study of the updated functional (or test) requirements
- Development of a manual test script
- Reading the text of the test script
- Implementation of actions outlined in the test scenario
- Analysis of results of completed actions
- Documenting the results of completed actions
- Registration of the defect
Thus, there is a lot of information transformations before it takes the form, which is the result of the test. In addition, each transformation is made through a brain of the tester. This complicates the testing process for two reasons. First, the conversion of information from text form to the form in which it is stored in the brain and especially back, take a long time. Secondly, the constant reading of the text and generation of other text, based on the previous one is tiring man, significantly reducing his productivity.
If you expand the above items in a single chain of transformations, we obtain the following picture:
FR -> brain -> TR -> brain -> TS -> brain -> Actions -> Results -> brain -> + defects results’
- FR – Functional requirements
- TR – the test requirements
- TS – test scenarios
- results’ – the results are documented
The way to reduce time-consuming during the manual functional testing lies in the brain involvement degree reducing in the transformations represented above until they are completely automated.
Currently, there are the following ideas:
- Automatic registration of defects on the basis of the activities carried out
- Generation of test cases based on formal functional requirements
- Generation of test scenarios based on the original functional requirements (e.g., keywords)
- Using standard tests for the standard types of information systems
There is another, more radical option – the exclusion of all intermediate artifacts and reducing of the process to the following:
FT -> brain -> Actions -> Results -> brain -> Defects
Unfortunately, this is not an option when you need to monitor the testing process very closely.