Being an integral part of software development process testing is carried to ensure that the developed software works well with meeting all user’s requirements and needs. There are a lot of methods of testing which may vary greatly depending on the specific features of software and development process.
As any other complex process, software testing consists of different stages and each of them is represented by a specific range of activities. Unlike methods of testing, its stages remain quite the same and include 7 different activities.
What are the stages in testing life cycle?
Testing Stage 1 – Test Plan
Software testing should always begin with establishing a well thought-out test plan to ensure an efficient execution of entire testing process. Efficient test plan must include clauses concerning the amount of work to be done, deadlines and milestones to be met, methods of testing and other formalities like contingencies and risks.
Testing Stage 2 – Analysis
At this stage, functional validation matrix is made. In-house or offshore testing team analyzes the requirements and test cases which are to be automated and which are to be tested manually.
Testing Stage 3 – Design
If the testing team has reached this stage it means that there is no confusion or misunderstanding concerning the test plan, validation matrix or test cases. At Designing Stage testing team makes suitable scripts for automated test cases and generates test data for both automated and manual test cases.
Testing Stage 4 – Development
At this stage, scripting is provided. In particular cases, development stage also includes unit tests and generating of performance and stress test plans. Usually it happens when testing starts together with the software development process.
Testing Stage 5 – Execution
As soon as the entire scripting have been made its execution begins. Firstly, testing team executes unit tests, and then functionality tests. They identify bugs on the superficial level and report to the software developers. After that the detailed testing is carried out. Execution stage is completed when test and bug reports are made up.
Testing Stage 6 – Bug fixing
When testing team identifies the bugs, they send it to IT development team. If development team considers to fix the bugs, testing team has to retest the software in order to check that no new bugs have been created while fixing.
Testing Stage 7 – Software is implemented
This is the final stage of the software testing when all test cases are executed and all procedures are carried out. The software is delivered to the end user who tests it and reports if any bugs take place.